2022加拿大论文如何使英语上课如游戏生动有趣How to Make the English Classes Lively
I really appreciate my tutor Sun Yanghai, whose help and patience made this project get off the ground and come to a close smoothly.
I am also grateful to my colleagues for their time spent on brainstorming and panel discussions with me.
No amount of thanks will be adequate for my students, without whose willing participation in the project implementation it would have remained on paper.
Last but not least, thanks are given to my husband, who has shared with me my worries, frustrations, and hopefully my ultimate happiness in eventually finishing this project.
Interest is the best teacher. Only when we have students interested, he will be happy to learn, take the initiative to learn. So teachers should strive to create a relaxed, happy, harmonious, equal classroom learning atmosphere. Classroom teaching activities should absorb the merits of traditional teaching, and at the same time introduce the task-based teaching activities to further improve the system of teaching English .Therefore students can learn more, independent and creative. Meanwhile the method naturally has also integrated with the new curriculum ideas.
Key words: Lively, Interest, Classroom teaching activities.
Abstract (in Chinese)……………………………..……………. II
Abstract (in English)……………………………..…………….. III Contents……………………………..…………………………. IV
1. Introduction……………………………………..………….. 1
2. Problem……………………………………………………… 1
3. Problem analysis……………………………………………. 1
3.1 Analytical method………………………..…………………… 2
3.2 Questionnaire………………………..………………………… 2
3.3 Brainstorming………………………..………………………… 3
4. Project objective…………………………………………….. 3
5. Project hypothesis…………………………………………….. 3
6. Project rationale………………………………………………. 3
7. Project design………………………………………………… 6
8.Project implementation……………………………………….. 9
9. Data analysis………………………………………………….. 12
10. Problem unsolved…………………………………………… 14
11. Conclusion…………………………………………………… 14
How to Make the English Classes Lively
I have been teaching the students who are in their first year of a junior middle school in my teaching. I’ve found there are some problems. Now I’ll finish my study in Anyang Radio & TV University. I have learned from my work that I hope I can solve the problems. This part of my study was conducted during March, 2008-April, 2008
The problem I have in my teaching is how to organize students to participate actively in, first of all to help students overcome timid, shy of the psychological.
3. Problem analysis
To learn English well, must be "listening, speaking, reading, writing and translation of" all-round development, but the lack of Chinese students learning English in English language environment in the classes, can always find such students, written first-rate skills, written test results in the distance leading, but the implementation of the mouth, the office immediately blushed, stammered a few words in English can not speak both timidity and inferiority. Some school students to answer questions, the other students who often had to laugh. It causes, mainly the students are always acceptable passive English education, and science is "dumb English."
3.1 Analytical method
The division of teaching materials, teaching content live up to face a good English education in the form of development, in order for English education in line with international standards, the real world, for the past years, toward modernization, in order to establish with the fear into the concept of foster student-oriented in order to develop student-centered education thinking, seek the best way. The existing English teaching that there are an imbalance between. Some teachers on the basis of the content of teaching materials, teaching materials teach what is what, in some cases often can not meet all the needs of students can not be up-to-date, useful and not the content of textbooks to teach the students, resulting in a lack of flexible and selective teaching limits to expand the horizons of students. On the one hand, choice is conducive to the development of intellectual students to cultivate self-learning ability. Post-new spirit, there are characteristics of the times of new materials; on the one hand, to re-examine the existing teaching materials, can be appropriately adjusted to complement and integration that could be beneficial to the sustainable development of students.
Prepared to live up classroom teaching and learning process, the actual ability to impart knowledge, transformation process, is the teachers teach and students learn the unity of activities by teachers, students, teaching materials, composed of a variety of factors, such as Cayman miscellaneous process . In the teaching process, the elements of composition, arrangement, it relates to how to design the structure of the teaching process, that is the problem of teaching mode. Different teaching structure of the teaching process will produce different teaching results. To explore, study teaching model is to explore the actual structure of the teaching process. In order to improve the efficiency and quality of classroom teaching, we propose to optimize the process of classroom teaching. Optimize the process of classroom teaching. The Optimization is not just a simple change in teaching methods, a change in teaching methods, because the reform of single-factor effect is limited. Optimization of classroom teaching needs a variety of factors to consider, the only way to optimize the effect, resulting in better education.
In a lesson, sometimes not linked to the two parts of that convergence on the non-conforming, non-natural conditions, can be fully prepared teachers big (the whole unit, the entire books, or integrate the content of the three grades), students prepare a lesson (the entire unit) by means of the faculty, the learning content of a better understanding of the use of a flexible approach..
4. Project objective
In view of this status quo, I took a number of the corresponding feasible measures to resolve this issue, to inspire students to learn English, English-speaking interest, so that students learn English in a happy and make the students feel sincerely to learn English is a happy thing.
5. Project hypothesis
Each student has its own advantages intelligence field, have their own learning style and methods, the school does not exist "poor students." Every person is unique, at the same time, each person and both are excellent. Our education should be multifaceted, multi-angle to a variety of ways to find students, students.#p#分页标题#e#
Fully mechanized, due to changes in teaching methods, students heard that habits developed gradually, active classroom learning atmosphere, which has shortened the distance between the classroom and life, students living in similar situations to learn English, relaxed and happy, the students heard that the English language the overall quality has been relatively improved. The new curriculum reform, the more students ignited the spark a thirst for knowledge. English classroom teachers should not be a person's one-man show, and it should be students as the main body of the chorus. Should not be boring, and should be vibrant and full of laughter.
6. Project rational
Gradually so that classroom teaching English, the teaching of expression, movement of students learning English a lack of English language environment, which requires teachers in English as far as possible the organization and conduct of teaching, to provide students with strong English language learning atmosphere. Each lesson I have the use of English teaching, from simple terms the beginning of the classroom, and a gradual increase in the number sentence. After a long-term, students are basically adapted to the English medium of instruction and enhance confidence in learning English; English is not difficult to think that I heard for the implementation of quality education has laid a solid foundation.
English students have great ideas of space limitations. How can we help students better understand English, heard in English, which requires teachers to do in teaching expression and of movement. Knit the brows of a teacher's smile, every move to demonstrate that the teaching content, that is, speak posture. Games when speaking to introduce some new terminology such as shooting, when I make a gun-shaped fingers, and explained with simple English, the students immediately understand what kind of sport – shooting. This will not only save the teaching time, but also increased the students heard that English practice density, has been teaching a multiplier effect.
Duty to give talks and insist on a conventional daily activities for students to adhere to every day I do Duty speech content from the simple to the complex, a wide range of topics, diversity, there is a quiz, storytelling, singing, joke, sketch and so on. A vivid image, but also has fun. Over time, students experience the communicative power a speech after the success of a sense of purpose and a sense of pleasure, and further stimulate the students’ interest in learning English, and enhance the self-confidence and perseverance. In addition, students take turns each day from the upper left corner of the blackboard to write on a daily, says the proverb or aphorism commonly used oral expression, visual eye-catching, by the gradual accumulation of students has expanded the volume of words, writing and speaking level also increased.
The use of inquiry-based learning methods, students returned to class by students in the classroom is not just to listen to, recipients, have been trained, or as an active participant, experimenter, joined the Explorers. To allow students to enter the real role as classroom activities in the real one is to play a key initiative of students. Therefore, I advise their student to the use of research-based learning methods, through group activities, active cooperation, learn from each other, by the students own hands, minds to take advantage of libraries, networks all available channels to find, produce and explain the results of their research or work. By tapping the potential of students, create scenarios, Teach learning methods to enable students to self-study.
Well-designed classroom teaching, the introduction of a variety of teaching methods of English teaching materials new novel, is closely check with the times, English students have great ideas of space limitations. How can we help students better understand English, heard in English, which requires teachers to do in teaching expression and of movement. Knit the brows of a teacher's smile, every move to demonstrate that the teaching content, that is, speak posture. Games when speaking to introduce some new terminology such as shooting, when I make a gun-shaped fingers, and explained with simple English, the students immediately understand what kind of sport – shooting. This will not only save the teaching time, but also increased the students heard that English practice density, has been teaching a multiplier effect.
Duty to give talks and insist on a conventional daily activities for students to adhere to every day I do Duty speech content from the simple to the complex, a wide range of topics, diversity, there is a quiz, storytelling, singing, joke, sketch and so on. A vivid image, but also has fun. Over time, students experience the communicative power a speech after the success of a sense of purpose and a sense of pleasure, and further stimulate the students’ interest in learning English, and enhance the self-confidence and perseverance. In addition, students take turns each day from the upper left corner of the blackboard to write on a daily, says the proverb or aphorism commonly used oral expression, visual eye-catching, by the gradual accumulation of students has expanded the volume of words, writing and speaking level also increased. The use of inquiry-based learning methods, students returned to class by students in the classroom is not just to listen to, recipients, have been trained, or as an active participant, experimenter, joined the Explorers. To allow students to enter the real role as classroom activities in the real one is to play a key initiative of students. Therefore, I advise their student to the use of research-based learning methods, through group activities, active cooperation, learn from each other, by the students own hands, minds to take advantage of libraries, networks all available channels to find, produce and explain the results of their research or work. By tapping the potential of students, create scenarios, Teach learning methods to enable students to self-study.
Well-designed classroom teaching, the introduction of a variety of teaching methods of English teaching materials new novel, is closely check with the times, covers a wide range, there are biographies, landscape, the biological sciences, drama, novels and so on, human sciences thick atmosphere. On the other hand, as a result of attention to keep short-term students, teachers in English teaching should be good at using a variety of teaching methods to mobilize the student's attention. In teaching, I used the "performance method", "Competition Law," "the game Law," "the story of law" and so on. For example, students speak in order to alleviate the psychological pressure, not every wrong must be correct.
I have frequently used competition law and games, so that students are divided into several teams to answer the form of introducing a competition mechanism, the game includes Answer words, word sentences, impromptu translation, such as rapid response, and then the cumulative scores in each group, for the highest score made by a group of recognition and rewards. Thus, to provide students with opportunities for self-expression, in line with the students and motivated the psychological characteristics.
Many students eager to be a teacher in recognition of the extra points, and collapsing to mention how the air, the enthusiasm of the students will naturally be higher. The most important thing is the students in this class also learned to share with others, cooperation and awareness, which will benefit them for life. And monotonous preaching, the effect of far less than the interaction. English classroom is not just a piece of chalk, a teaching plan, a mouth, but also should make full use of modern multimedia teaching equipment, mining all can make the classroom lively and interesting carrier services for classroom teaching.
Application of Emotion in English teaching strategies, so that students and parents believe the division between teachers and students of modern Road should not have just teacher-student relationship, at the same time, the dual relationship with a friend. Teachers through words and deeds, to establish the personality of the students an example, students will worship him, will be happy with the exchanges. Is the so-called "pro-his teacher and letter of its Road", will be on the teaching of subjects have a strong interest in learning. A qualified teacher should have found the quality of students, a well-intentioned nod, a friendly smile, an insignificant the praise, etc. may help save a student; we should do everything possible so that they feel successful experience. Conversely, there may stifle a student's future. Therefore, only from the level of teaching and improve the character and so improve the self in order to enhance the affinity of teachers, students and teachers to enhance mutual understanding and communication in order to give full play to the advantages of teaching emotional.
7. Project design
Throughout the teaching, how to organize students to participate actively in, first of all to help students overcome timid, shy of the psychological, require students to speak or a question session at the big voice, so that students can exercise the ability to respond and oral communication skills, can exercise whole class of hearing and analysis. A person is speaking, the entire class moving ears, minds, moving mouth, asked the whole class with "Yes" or "No" to give the students to speak to positive or negative evaluation, the only way to active classroom atmosphere, mobilize the whole class the enthusiasm of the students. I have designed five activities to be tried out in five weeks.
Week 1: Activity 1
In the first day of teaching materials, there is a unit is about the animals. I always feel more attracted some of the students do things, therefore, in teaching materials, the arrangements for such a period of dialogue: T: Do you like watching TV? Normal circumstances, students will answer: S: Yes, I do. I like watching TV very much. I will follow, said: so do I. Then T: Which TV program (learn a new word) do you like? S: I like … … when emotions are running high as students, racing to raise their hands to speak, the classroom atmosphere. T: Then which TV programs do you like best? Which is your favorite TV program?#p#分页标题#e#
Likelihood there will be students in the head: I like the Animal World / Animal Planet. Encounter new words I reminded, and then allow students to two or four exchanges, a limited time, I gave them the selection of two forms: dialogue or imitate movements of animals, air and call for students to guess the names of animals. This is under the students in high spirits, and have power to perform elephants, ducks, rabbits, tigers, bears, snakes, monkeys and so on, the performance ended, I lead the students to decide the best performers, recognized not only play a coward's Gang to bear the action of the vivid performances and the bears do not eat dead animals habits also used language to tell students (Oh.it’s dead. I don't want to eat it.) There are many do not understand the habits of bears increased knowledge of students. Whenever there is such a drill. I felt the lack of time, because to say, I would like to show too many students. Finishing in the unit when the central focus on animals, and guide students, from books to television to see, to see life, for induction to enable students to animals in this area have a knowledge systems.
Week 2: Activity 2
There a dialogue about "Kite" in the first part of Lesson 79 in the English book of grade 1 C PEP Relatively simple, there is no teacher's help, students can understand. Then can seize the opportunity to add relevant content. For example: can be made available to the students to read "K Day" of the essay. Not because of its length, words and more complex sentence structure and so on, afraid of students can not read on the end of the story, we can often be through the design of simple and practical tasks to be resolved, the key is to pass a little more difficult to read this article in order to make students is both challenging as well as a sense of accomplishment, so as to nurture students in reading skills and interest in learning the language, in fact, students of "Kite" has some background knowledge, as long as the teachers to the students with the necessary guidance and tips, students are can use their own language knowledge and background knowledge of the article "Mongolia with even guess" for reading.
Week 3: Activity 3
If the first book in teaching the forty-third class, the focus of teaching the part of speech is a noun possessive pronoun use. The crucial breakthrough in this difficult is the pupil of the adjective possessive pronoun must correctly grasp of skilled, talented area from the adjectives and nouns possessive pronoun possessive pronoun part of speech of the similarities and differences. First of all, I will be prepared before students pronoun again now, the use of ask, answer, translate, and other essentials than diplomatic principle, so that students made clear the exact types of pronoun use, and then use the old words to fill the new song will be the key provision pronoun form into a song, two minutes, to recite their immigration forms, and then picked from the rostrum I used all kinds of clothing and held a dialogue between teachers and students. The end of the dialogue into song, to be held nominal possessive pronoun Summary:
T——This ruler is my ruler.
S1——This ruler is mine.
T——That ruler is your ruler.
S2——That ruler is yours.
T——Whose ruler are there?
S3——They are his and hers.
T——Whose are there rulers?
S4——They are ours and theirs
Week 4: Activity 4
It is difficult to simplify the use of formula, so that students overcome difficulties well. When the students on a few of the images and the use of the term, as well as some, any use of daunting when teachers and students of foreign internship after the completion of the course I would like to use the formula of Health Summary not the number of terms and some, any of the usage, So there: No way a few terms in mind that three meals a day to recuperate under medical treatment, breakfast bread, tea and water, fish broiler paper lunch, dinner plus rice milk, meal and recycling operations title. No more than a few terms, do not forget to increase the number of quantifiers. Some for sure certainly respond to it with this whether any sentence for the suspect, not the number of terms this is.
Week5: Activity 5
Students interested in neural Once triggered, they will naturally vivid situations, see the emotion intended. Further enrich the use of audio-visual means, visual aids, and often from wearing masks and change all sorts of characters foot color, the number of specific things vividly Today Show students eyes, even if done only visible, touch, taste can be heard, to play a substantial number of students The role of the senses, encouraging the creative spirit of students.
Analogy: In order to establish the circumstances and learn to sentence Is watching TV too much bad or good for your health? Ring afterwards, the teacher while clutching his stomach while eating bread, face painful way to the podium to him "Is eating too much bad or goo d for my health? I think it's bad. "Then I put forward a" What’s good (bad) for your health? "Discussion started, the answer soon bred happened.
Doing morning exercises is good for your health. Keeping the classroom clean is good for your health. Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes. Playing games too much is bad for your study. Then the teacher in the verb following the designated lines, asked "Why?" immediately respond, verb plus ing talent to serve as a subject. Foreign policy objective was achieved, language difficulty breaking through.
8. Project implementation
Teachers in the teaching process on the eclectic, integrated students, teaching materials, methods and its own characteristics, a creative manner and teaching activities, to activate the enthusiasm of students, and strengthen self-confidence of students and cultivate interest in learning, to awaken the potential of students. Teachers should fully prepare lessons – prepared by students, preparing materials, preparation methods, teaching methods should reflect the diversity, innovation, and keep alive the English classes fresh, interesting, not to be "tied for the law," "teaching." In teaching in good faith to heart, enthusiasm, patience, compassion, innovation, and the principle of living, not only to teach language, but also teaching methods, teaching people, it is necessary to reflect the flexibility of teaching.
Give full play to the main body of students, and establish "religion is not taught to" the idea of changing the mechanical rote learning in line with the laws of language learning and student age, physiological and psychological characteristics of autonomous learning and "self-directed, self-motivation , Department grams monitoring "of learning, so that eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body, intended to full participation, alternating interaction; the development of listening, speaking, reading, writing, so, would like to make comprehensive use of language.
In English teaching, can enable students to "the entire body and mind are full of joy", teachers will be able to being passive to being active, variable boring for fun, for students to expand the creation of good latent mood and atmosphere. Students of English who are interested, they will want to learn more science, the potential of students will be able to in a good mood, mental state of relaxation to be the most effective release and development, otherwise you will fear for some difficulties, and even discouraged. In order to train students interested in, you can often recommended to the health of foreign students English songs, humorous stories, such as English, and student performances. In addition a large number of more important in the classroom teaching to make full use of objects and pictures, sound recordings, projectors, multimedia courseware and so on, created a vivid, lively scenes, so that the students set the scene in the desire to have communication, and actively Active participation in language practice, and thus the practice in the classroom, in the relaxed and happy atmosphere to stimulate the interest of students, and constantly improve their standard of English.
In order to give full play to each student's potential to stimulate students interest in the use of Duty rotation system approach in English to the interpretation of a section of his class in English, can tell a little story in English (finished story to the students in question to answer is, of course, attendant question by students) or performing a period of dialogue, can also be used in English to the teacher or the students to ask questions, beginning teachers commented, with a gradual transition to the teachers and students commented.
Because everyone has the opportunity to participate, some of the basis of poor students to play a more unexpected, interest in learning English is also greatly enhanced.
Respect for the individual, so that operations live up teaching students pay no attention to stimulate interest and mobilize students emotion, do not consider mental age students understand the characteristics and laws simply require students to rote, arranged a large number of repetitive mechanical copying operations, and sometimes punitive operations, so that English becomes rote subjects.
In the English learning process, it is inevitable that a small number of students in learning difficulties, lack of learning motivation, methods, good habits and learning environment, not the results achieved so that they have had a greater psychological stress and sense of inferiority, so that learning was the vicious circle of state. This led to the English learning in the phenomenon of polarization.#p#分页标题#e#
Process-oriented, so that the evaluation of living together inspired by evaluating students so that they can see from the evaluation of results, see the light, and enhance confidence, so that they can create a psychological "sense of achievement", and thus have a "sense of momentum", the formation of a good cycle. At the same time allow students to discover problems with the continuous improvement of learning methods, summing up, "the study of law," the experience and laws of the enhancement of learning effectiveness.
I pay attention to the progress of each student is recognized (even the little progress in a particular area), which is more important in recognition of good students so that students from the fear that is not afraid. Therefore, the evaluation of the design, especially the ease of control and is closely related Billiton submarine.
Teachers must carefully evaluate the objectives of the design, content, method, timing, and to allow students to master the assessment criteria, which will help expand the development of submarine.
9. Data analysis
Communicative activities, so that language teachers should strive to live up to students to participate in classroom language to create opportunities for communicative activities, organizations are suitable for students at various levels and age characteristics of the language of English extra-curricular activities, truly student-centered, activity-means teaching activities, the activities of communication. Between teachers and students, and there is cooperation between life and life is particularly important. At the event-based teaching, we aim to teaching:
1. students conducted in English on the use of fun activities and exchange and interest;
2. The formation of the correct standard voice tone;
3. Have a certain amount of vocabulary;
4. to simple communication and expression;
5. Preliminary understanding of the Sino-British differences between different cultures and English cultural characteristics;
6. for further learning English to lay a solid foundation.
Teachers in the teaching process on the eclectic, integrated students, teaching materials, methods and its own characteristics, a creative manner and teaching activities, to activate the enthusiasm of students, and strengthen self-confidence of students and cultivate interest in learning, to awaken the potential of students. Teachers should fully prepare lessons – prepared by students, preparing materials, preparation methods, teaching methods should reflect the diversity, innovation, and keep alive the English classes fresh, interesting, not to be "tied for the law," "teaching."
In teaching in good faith to heart, enthusiasm, patience, compassion, innovation, and the principle of living, not only to teach language, but also teaching methods, teaching people, it is necessary to reflect the flexibility of teaching.
When I teach the words of transport category, through the chat-style leads to the teaching content Q & A: You take what means of transport, the students from starting their own personal experience, each other's speech. Education and occupational groups of words let the students say that they are family members of the occupation, relative’s career, your own ideals and occupation, but also test students understanding and performance edge.
Power module to allow students the characteristics of a particular profession letter and the rest of the students to guess what is the career. Speaking during the drills, the attention to students, he created the scene for students to clear communication in the process of the five "W": "What" "When" "Who" "Where" "Why" and an "H": "how”. This scene conversation when students are interested in is to promote the smooth conduct of the necessary precondition. For example: teaching new words desk, pencil, box, bag, wall, floor, backboard, light, etc.
can be pointed at the side of the items that: "This is a desk (pencil, box etc)" Another example: teaching new words afraid can point to a student, said: "There is a tiger!" said, trembling, "I'm afraid." students understand afraid to look for "fear", not only concise and impressive. . Teaching the word chocolate, you can hand hold a piece of chocolate, do not open, asked: What’s my hand? Students guess: "I think it's an eraser." "Is that a ball?" "Is that an orange?”
Teachers and then slowly open hand and said" Ah, it’s a chocolate. "Unknowingly students will remember this black box is the chocolate. Giving students a lasting interest and thirst for knowledge reduction, can not hide things every day Question: Guess what is this? Otherwise, they will be tired, so that each can be a good lesson. For example: List No. 95 in the second class into new lesson (presentation), I set up such a small story: props are two paintings, the story of the contents: This is Mr. Brown, this is Mrs. Brown. Mr. Brown is very fat, and Mrs. Brown is very thin. Mr. Brown is very old, and Mrs. Brown is very young. But Mrs. Brown loves Mr. Brown because Mr. Brown has much money. One day, Mrs. Brown said "Good bye" to Mr. Brown. Why? Classroom atmosphere is very active. Some said: Because Mr. Brown is no longer money; some said: Because Mr. Brown has been too fat. Fixed on! Mr. Brown to retain his wife must be weight loss (has to be thinner). Set a story with interesting lesson in one, gave students a great deal of thinking to leave space so that students can be a good initiative to study and improve their listening and speaking ability.
10. Problem unsolved
In the new spelling words, the first test requires students to spelling, and then talk to the teacher spelling. So students can find out about aspects of their own spelling mistakes. After comparing the right answers and their own answers which is often impressive.
In the analysis of the difficult sentences, do not indulge in on teachers to guide students to analyze their own. The following examples, many students began to feel at a loss overall. The increased resistance to colds comes from better skin circulation.
At this time, teachers can continue to raise questions, that everyone will work together Analysis: First of all, look for the subject. Students will naturally look for the term, some students think it is "colds", which requires asked "to" What part of speech here, "come" plus "s" What does that indicate? At this time students clearly "to colds is a prepositional phrase, can not be the subject, it" increased ", in the sentence for" resistance "of the phrase, subject of course, is" resistance ". Then invited students to Chinese: the enhancement of the common cold the resistance from the good subcutaneous cycle. Teachers it finished as follows: the enhancement of cold resistance of the skin from the good cycle. And pointed out that the subject of the sentence in English is "resistance" to "enhance" It is wrong.
In Activity Course, we must make students feel that they are not boring to simply drill in English, but in the use of English exchange.
An education expert has said: "Classroom Teaching Implication enormous vitality, only the lives of teachers and students in classroom teaching vitality to function effectively, can really contribute to the cultivation of students and teachers in the growth of the classroom there would be real life.” It can be convinced that, through our concerted efforts, we can truly English teaching and learning activities" live "together.
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2. Ding Liyun, Thoughts about Several Issues on the Teaching Reform.
3. The Theory of Multiple Intelligences Continuing education learning materials.
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