法国工程师学校物流成本控制方面实习报告范文参考-Creation of a database for logistic cost optimization on project phase Table of content1。2的工程背景1.1引言公司和部门的21.2本实习的3大主要任务2。本研究的目标和意义33。当前部的3大困惑3.1现状3公司所面临的问题4 3.24。解决问题的4个命题4.1我的问题的解决方案44.2我的解决方案6的可行性4.3部门的应用前景后，7结论8参考8摘要：随着市场竞争的日益激烈，企业的利润越来越小。每个企业节约成本以获得最大利润的各个方面。在商务活动中的物流运作，渗透在每一活动。物流被视为企业的第三大利润来源。在许多企业中，物流成本占整体成本的很大比例。物流成本是指在运动过程中的项目成本，而物流成本管理是企业物流计划的有效性，以达到降低成本的目的。因此，控制和降低物流成本是企业获取更多利润的关键。日产汽车公司是世界著名的汽车公司，我有幸执业日产汽车公司在2007年从5月到9月。当我在首席项目管理物流集团日产汽车公司实习，我发现其中存在的物流管理部门的严重问题，这大大影响了公司的效率和成本。本报告主要是为了解决该问题。我们的目标是帮助企业建立物流数据库，并可以节约成本，提高业务效率。本文首先介绍了公司的相关信息；第二部分主要论述了物流的现状和存在的问题；第三部分中，我主要讨论我认为的问题和解决问题的方法。我相信，提出方法应用程序后，成本将下降和效率将大大提高。Abstract: With the market competition more and more fierce, the profits of enterprises are increasingly small. Each enterprise is saving all aspects of costs in order to get a maximum profit. In the operation of the business activities, logistics permeates in every activity. Logistics has long been seen as the third largest enterprise profit source. In many enterprises, the logistics cost accounts a big proportion of the whole costs. The logistics cost refers to the costs of items in athletic process, while the management of the logistics cost means that the enterprises plan logistics effectively, in order to achieve the purpose of reducing costs. Therefore, controlling and reducing logistics cost is the key to obtain more profits for enterprises. Nissan motor company is a world famous auto company, I had the honor to practice in Nissan motor company from May to September in 2007. When I was an intern in the Chief Project management Logistics Group of Nissan motor company, I found that there existed serious problems in Logistics management department, which greatly affect the efficiency and cost of the company. This report is mainly to solve the problem. The goal is to help enterprises to establish a logistics database, which can save cost and improve business efficiency. This report firstly introduces the relevant information of the company and the department where we practice; then the second part mainly discusses the present situation of logistics and the problems it faced; In the third part, I mainly discuss my opinion of the problems and the methods to solve the problems. I believe, after the application of the methods proposed, the cost will drop and the efficiency will greatly improve.Keywords: Nissan logistics cost logistics databaseIntroductionNissan motor company is a world famous company. It is Japan's second largest car manufacturer, which was founded in December 1933. Its headquarter is in Tokyo. The famous "Dartmouth mulberry" brand cars are the started products of Nissan motor company. The automotive products of the company are cars and commercial cars. The French users are quite familiar with the brands of "the duke", blue jays" and "the manners" which are all the products of Nissan car company. You can always see Nissan cars in the streets. In addition to cars, Nissan also produce aerospace equipments, water transportation, ship engines, etc. The ratio of export cars is 46%. Nissan company is a big company which has 42000 staff, producing 2.5 million vehicles annually. It accounts for about 24% of all Japanese auto production. According to the materials, the car industry was very difficult to operate in 1990s. At that time, Nissan car company faced huge losses almost every year. In that situation, Nissan car company faced the fate of closing down. While in this background, Nissan company and Renault car company have a alliance. Renault car company is a famous car brand in France and also the biggest car company in France. From that time, with the great help of Renault car company, Nissan motor company started to revive again. In 2002, Nissan car company completely got out of the troubles. Now Nissan car company is in a golden development era.So because of the good relationship with the Nissan motor company, I was an intern in Nissan Motor Company from May to September in 2007. I practiced in the Chief Project management Logistics Group, which is a branch department of the Parts Logistics Engineering Dept, while the Parts Logistics Engineering Dept is a branch of the Supply Chain Management Division. The department of Chief Project management Logistics Group is an important department in the operation of logistic. The task of the department is to organize auto parts logistics. As we all know, the production of automobiles needs that the spare parts in the warehouse transport to different factories to assemble according to the need of the production, while the resulting cost is the logistics cost. The department that I joined is responsible for the logistics cost calculation, and guides the logistics planning. Now the problem is that they don't have a unified database, they basically use Excel spreadsheets or different database within small functions to record data artificially. The storage of data is scattered and the organization is in disorder. So it is the problem the CPL group and I are to solve. Our proposition is to build a logistics database, achieving the target of optimizing the logistics cost. 1. Context of the project1.1 Introduction of the company and the departmentAs we all know, Nissan motor company is a very big company which is very famous in the world. It is Japan's second largest car manufacturer, which was founded in December 1933. It is a successful car in the world. Nissan is a multinational automaker headquartered in Japan. Its technologies are very advanced. The competition in the car industry is very fierce, while relying on the advanced technology, Nissan is the sixth largest automaker in the world behind Toyota, General Motors, Volkswagen AG, Hyundai Motor Group, and Ford in 2010. It formerly marketed vehicles under the "Datsun" brand name. Its main automotive products are cars and commercial cars. It is famous for its high quality and comfort. The French users are quite familiar with the brands of "the duke", blue jays" and "the manners" which are all the products of Nissan car company. You can always see Nissan cars in the streets. People choose Nissan cars for two reasons: firstly, the quality of the cars are very good, secondly, compared with brands, Nissan cars are affordable. In addition to cars, Nissan also produce aerospace equipments, water transportation, ship engines, etc.Nissan motor company is a forward-looking and ambitious company. It not only develops in Japan, but also builds its international production base. Except the Mexico factory, it builds American company branch, English company branch, Spain company branch and Australia company branch one after another. In March 1999, Nissan motor company and French Renault car company signed a comprehensive coalition agreement which is to strengthen the financial position of Nissan motor company and obtain a win-win development. In the operation of global business strategies, it has the significance for both companies in the aspects of sales, products and production activities. Nissan motor company and French Renault car company has always been global close parters, while in the cooperation they still maintain their identities and the company strategies respectively. The alliance aims at strengthening the brand reputation and making the brands obviously in the many brands, and it also has the objective that they can compete effectively and strongly in the fierce global market in the 21 st century.Logistics department is the department which manages the transportation, storage, packing, loading/unloading and logistics information of the input and output materials and products. Logistics management includes every logistics activities, including the management of the transportation, storage and other links. The management of the logistics system is mainly the human, the finance, the material, the equipment, the methods and the information. Logistics activities involve the management of the logistics plan, the quality, the technology, the economy and other functions of the management. The group which I interned is called the Chief Project management Logistics Group. It has three main tasks: firstly, it calculates and summarizes logistic cost; secondly, it analyzes the CPU which means cost per unit; thirdly, it should use a variety of means to optimize the CPU. Supply Chain Management division is a big division which has many branches. It includes SCM planning, Vehicle logistics Dept, Service Parts Logistics Dept, Parts Logistics Engineering Dept and Overseas Parts Logistics Control Dept. While Parts Logistics Engineering Dept also includes Parts logistics Network Group, Package Engineering Group and Chief Project management Logistics Group, and the Chief Project management Logistics Group is the group which I interned. This department organizes the logistics of auto parts. As we all know, the production of automobile needs that the spare parts in the warehouse transport to different factories to assemble according to the production planning of different processes, while the resulting cost is the logistics cost, the CPL Group which I intern is responsible for the logistics cost calculation, and guide logistics planning. It also has other functions:#p#分页标题#e#A) The function of planningB) The function of coordinationC) The function of business operation 1.2 The main task of this internshipI practiced in Nissan Motor Company from May to September in 2007. Nissan motor company is a company which pays high attention to the views which are from the outside. So every year it will organize different professionals which are related to the car industry to visit its company. After the internship, everyone will have to write an internship report. The report includes the individual opinions involved the following problems:A) What do you think the advantage of the company?B) What do you think the weakness of the company?C) Do you think what departments should improve and reform?D) What do you think the biggest threat and opportunity of the company?E) What do you think the development direction of the company?………The questions will be carefully researched by the company. And after that, the company will start to solve the problems. The main task of this internship for us is to visit its logistics department and put forward useful methods. As we all know, the production of automobiles needs that the spare parts in the warehouse transport to different factories to assemble according to the need of the production, while the resulting cost is the logistics cost. The department I practiced is responsible for the logistics cost calculation, and guides the logistics planning. Now the problem is that they don't have a unified database, they basically use Excel table to record dates artificially. The storage of date is scattered and the organization is in disorder. So it is the problem we are to solve. Our proposition is to build a logistics database, achieving the target of optimizing the logistics cost. The functions of the Logistics department are very clear. Generally speaking, the logistics department is a department which manages the enterprise logistics from the overall situation for the whole enterprise, it unifies and manages the logistics which disperse in various sectors. Therefore, it could be said that it is the responsibilities of the logistics department to realize the systematization of the logistics organization. So it is very necessary to build a unified logistics database.2. The objectives and significance of the studyThe objectives of the study mainly have three: firstly, on the basis of understanding the current logistics cost, I should find out the principle problems existed in Nissan logistics; secondly, according to the calculating results of logistics cost, I try to help the group develop a logistics cost optimization planning and establish a logistics management system; finally, the final purpose is to establish a logistics database. The study has great significance. The Logistics system covers transportation, warehousing, packing, loading and unloading, handling, distribution, logistics information and so on. From the view of the enterprises, they need to reduce the logistics cost in the overall situation, controlling the final system cost. When the enterprise manages the logistics cost effectively, it will make more profit. In the operation of the business activities, logistics permeates in every activity. Logistics has long been seen as the third largest enterprise profit source. In many enterprises, the logistics cost accounts a big proportion of the whole costs. By saving the logistics cost, the enterprise can operates efficiently at low cost, so the enterprise can get the maximum benefit at the lowest cost, finally realizing the sustainable and healthy development of the enterprise. So it has great significance to the development of the enterprise, and it is essential for the enterprise to control the logistics cost in order to be sustain a competitive advantages among the competitors.3. Current confusions of the department3.1 Current situationsNissan is a very big company. It is viewed a great company in the automobile industry. The logistics is very busy and the corresponding information is huge. The logistics include the inbound logistics and the outbound logistics. The target of the CPL group is to control the logistics cost, but they do badly in this aspect. During my time of the internship, I found the current situation is under expectation. They are facing many new challenges and difficulties which need solving forwardly. With the socialization of division, because of the refine of the division, there are more and more workers and their work are more and more simple and limited. They can be compared to screws on the machine. They only consider their own work and do not consider the whole work, thus it is very easy to appear problems in real work, and also because they do not have a logistics database, it is very difficult for them to find where is wrong. They do not have a unified database. The logistics information comes respectively from different holders in excel version, and also the information does not have a uniformed format, which cause confusion in the production. Increasingly, they have found that a unified database is in greater and greater need.3.2 The problems faced by the companyAs described in 4.1, the problems existed in the department of CPL is that they do not have a unified database. The logistics information comes respectively from different holders in excel version. Because this work is done by the manpower, so it is very easy to make mistakes for the workers. The mistakes are like the following: The worker sends the wrong numbers, the worker sends the parts to the wrong place, the worker sends the parts at the wrong time and so on. When they discover the mistakes, it has waste a lot of time and money, and correct the logistics mistakes will cost a bigger losses of time and money. If they have a logistics database, then they can control the logistics in the whole process. Thus they can discover the mistakes in the first time and use the least cost to fix the mistakes. If they can not build a unified database, then the information does not have a uniformed format, which cause confusion in the production. And also it causes unnecessary manpower and work complexity. In a result, the cost of the operation will rise and the efficiency will descend. Consider comprehensively, the problems of Nissan motor company reflects in the following two aspects:(1)The means of logistics management lags behindIn logistics management, Nissan enterprise still stayed in the time of the paper and pencil. Though equipped with the computers, they have not formed a system, not even a network. In the logistics operation the company also lacks the application of personal computers, artificial intelligence expert system, communication, bar code and scanning, and other advanced information technology. The existing logistics infrastructure can only meet the demand of low level and low efficiency of the logistics service. The professional logistics infrastructure such as logistics center, distribution center, the elevated automatic warehouse etc are at an early development state. Secondly, the logistics organization management system lags behind, which has a big difference compared with the international modern standard.(2) The lack of the idea of cooperative competition.In the environment of more and more intense market competition, the customer demands change rapidly and the company is hard to operate. Many enterprises implement the new strategy that the enterprise focuses on resources and cultivates the core ability,. They vigorously develop the core business. They do them bigger and stronger, and in the global scope they seek to outsource the logistics business and have alliance with the whole enterprise. They compete in the domestic and international market with the overall advantages of the whole supply chain. In the fast changing market competition, a single enterprise which depends on his own resource is hard to catch the rate of change. So the enterprise must concentrate the finite resource on the core business and strengthen their own core capability.