Global transport systems and intermodal transport
2010.S1.M.International Transport Systems.JNB216.J Fei.Docx Page 1 of 2 Pages The Australian Maritime College is an institute of the University of Tasmania Undergraduate Studies in Maritime and Logistics Management INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT SYSTEMS JNB216 SEMESTER 1, 2010 Instructions to candidates
1. This examination commences at 0900 hours (Australian Eastern Standard Time) on Monday, 7 June 2010.
2. The answer script is to be despatched to AMC Distance Education Centre no later than 1630 hours (Australian Eastern Standard Time) on Monday,
21 June 2010.
3. Late examination scripts will not be accepted. Failure to despatch your answer script to the AMC before the cut-off time will result in a Fail grade.
4. There are TWO (2) questions. Candidates must answer all parts of all questions.
5. Marks are as indicated.
6. This examination is worth 50 of the 100 marks allocated to this unit.
7. Your answer script should be 2500 words in total, ± 10%.
8. Answers must be typed.
9. The Department’s system of referencing must be used.
10. Plagiarism, including copying the work of other students or any form of collusion is a punishable offence and may result in failure of the unit and/or exclusion from the AMC (refer to the section on Plagiarism in the Toolbox).
11. This examination consists of 2 pages.
12. The examination submission is one document: the abstract, table of contents, introduction and conclusion should deal with the examination in total. Marks will be deducted if these are not provided. It is not appropriate to provide separate abstracts, tables of contents, introductions and conclusions for each individual question.
13. Lecturing staff (Unit Co-ordinator/s) associated with the course are not available to provide guidance on the examination. If you have any questions regarding this examination please contact Distance Education. They will direct your query as appropriate.2010.S1.M.International Transport Systems.JNB216.J Fei.Docx Page 2 of 2 Pages Question 1 Discuss the factors affecting the development and the efficiency of intermodal transport. [20 Marks]
Question 2 Transport has made significant contribution to economic development in both developed and developing countries. However, the development of transport has also brought considerable negative impacts on the environment. a Evaluate the impacts of transport on the environment; and [15 Marks] b discuss what sustainable transport systems should look like and how they can be developed. [15 Marks]
Student ID:UTAS email address:121402 #p#分页标题#e# Name and postal address: Unit name:Name: Meiling XUInternational Transport SystemAddress: 55 Regent St., Sandy Bay, Hobart, TasmaniaUnit Co-ordinator:7005Jiangang FEIAssessment no.:2
Due Date:10/05/2010Date submitted:10/05/2010
Checklist¨ Assignment conforms to the Department’s presentation and referencing guidelines¨ Each page is numbered as per the Department’s guidelines¨ A Reference page is included at the end of the assignment¨ Assignment has been read to check for spelling errors and careless construction¨ The word count is clearly visible on the cover page (exclude assignment question, abstract and list of references in word count)¨ You have kept a copy of this assignment for your own recordsPlagiarism Declaration:*By submitting this assignment http://www.ukassignment.org/daixieEssay/ and cover sheet electronically, in whatever form, you are deemed to have made the declaration set out below.I declare that all material in this assignment is my own work except where there is clear acknowledgment or reference to the work of others and I have complied with and agreed to the University statement on Plagiarism and Academic Integrity on the University website at www.utas.edu.au/plagiarism
Signature: Meiling XUDate: 10/05/2010Office Use OnlyExtension date: Date dispatched:Date Received:Date returned:
Australian Maritime College, Locked Bag 1401, Launceston, Tasmania 7250
Global transport systems and intermodal transportAssignment 2
Student: Student ID: 121402
Lecturer: Jiangang Fei (Jonney)
Subject: International Transport System
Course: Bachelor of Business (Logistics for business)
Due Date: 10th May 2010Word count: 2, 410 Abstract
Intermodal transport combines advantages from several single transport modes. It brings together two or more modes of transport to move passengers or freight from their origin to their destination, using the efficiencies of each of the carriers to greater advantage (Fei, 2010). This paper analyzes the factors which may affect on development and efficiency of intermodal transport from three parts, the containerization, macro-factors, micro-factors and the challenges the intermodal transport will face. While explaining the macro-factors and micro-factors, there are many different aspects included in those two main factors, such as, cost, service and technology etc. Also, the trends and challenges that the intermodal transport will be faced are mentioned, as well.#p#分页标题#e#
Table of content
ABSTRACTITABLE OF CONTENTIIINTRODUCTIONIIITHE INDISPENSABILITY OF THE ORGANIZING AND COORDINATING ABOUT THE INTERMODAL CONTAINERIZATION1THE ADVANTAGES OF USING CONTAINERS INCLUDE AS FOLLOWS (BENSON & WHITEHEAD, 1985; RODRIGUE, 2005):1MAIN DRAWBACKS INCLUDE:2THE MACRO-FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE CONTAINERIZATION OF INTERMODAL TRANSPORT2(1)THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT LEVEL.2(2)THE NATIONAL DEVELOPING PROGRAM AND POLICY DIRECTION2(3)THE LAW ENVIRONMENT3THE MICRO-FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE CONTAINERIZATION OF INTERMODAL TRANSPORT3(1) ECONOMY31) Cost.32) Transport combination.43) Enterprise pricing strategy4(2) TECHNOLOGY FACTORS41) Level of application of information technology42) The mechanization of ports and docks level.43)Port capacity5(3) FREIGHT FACTOR.5(4) MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND MODEL5THE INTERMODAL TRANSPORT MODES61. SEA AND LAND INTERMODAL TRANSPORT62. LAND AND BRIDGE SERVICE63. SEA AND AIR SERVICE7THE CHALLENGE OF THE INTERMODAL TRANSPORT7CONCLUSION8REFERENCES9
Intermodal transportation as the term is used today first gained currency in the 1960s when the use of trailer-sized containers began transforming the way freight is packed and loaded on trucks and ships (David, 1989). By the end of the twentieth century containers were carrying over 95% of general cargoes moving between continents and the percentage of other cargoes carried in container was steadily increasing as well. Containerization has profoundly changed this incremental conception of transportation. Through shipment from origin to destination is now emphasized, not the movement of goods by a series of independent modal carriers (Donovan, 1999). Containerization refers to the use of shipping containers and/or van trailers when used in conjunction with other means 指导essay of transport in the movement of goods. By this method, goods normally move from origin to destination without unloading or reloading. Van trailers, when carried by other means of transportation, such as railroads or steamship lines, are simply containers with wheels attached and therefore are properly included in the containerization concept (Rinaldi, 1972). The factors which may affect the development and efficiency of the intermodal transport have various kinds. After the research and study, mainly, the factors may be classified into two parts: macro and micro ones.
Above is the assignment that I may call them the factors which may affect on the development and efficiency of the intermodal transport.
Enormous changes are taking place – and have already taken place – in the handling of goods, not only in the ports, but by truck, rail, and air, because of containerization and intermodal coordination. And as these changes take place, and efficiency and volume increase, new jobs are opening up for schooled and semi-schooled personnel to handle the new systems and the new thinking.#p#分页标题#e#
Benson, D. & Whitehead, G. (1985), “Transport and distribution”, Longman Group Ltd, New York.
Fei. J.G. (2010), “AMC Distance Education Materials of JNB216 International Transport System”, Module 5: Global transport systems, Chp.5.1.2: Intermodal Transport.
GAO, United State Government Accountability Office, “Intermodal Transportation – Challenges to and potential strategies for developing improved intermodal capabilities”, June 15, 2006.
Donovan. A (1999), “Intermodal transportation in historical perspective”. Chp.2: Intermodal Evolution, P.p. 45-47.
Rinaldi, J. L. (1972), “Containerization: the new method of intermodal transport”, The containerization concept, P.p. 8.
Liu. Y., Fan. H.M. and Ci. J.L., (2007), “The discussion of the intermodal transport organization and coordination in China”, http://jpkc.gxun.edu.cn/itp/8/%D4%CB%CA%E4%B7%BD%CA%BD/%B9%D8%D3%DA%CE%D2%B9%, Assessed date; 2nd May.
AnswerBaidu.com, “Intermodal Transport”, http://baike.baidu.com/view/184813.htm, Assessed date: 1st May.
JSCD.gov.cn, (1999), “New tension of the intermodal transport”, http://www.jscd.gov.cn/art/2009/1/14/art_6330_273054.html, Assessed date: 1st May.