辅导案例-CSCE 322-Assignment 0

  • May 15, 2020

Assignment 01 (Due: Friday, October 4, 2019, 11 : 59 : 00PM) CSCE 322 1 Instructions In this assignment, you will be required to scan, parse, and check the semantics of a file that encodes the state of a variation of Slippery Crossings. The definition of a properly formatted input file is given in Section 1.1. You will be submitting one .java file and two .g4 (ANTLR) files via web hand-in. 1.1 File Specification • The file contains two (2) labeled sections: Maze and Moves . Each section is enclosed by start and end tags ({ and }, respectively). The value of the section is set by the @ assignment operator. • Moves is an underscore-separated (_) list of move values that appear between [ and ]. Valid moves are u, d, l, and r. • Maze is a two-dimensional array of space-separated entries that uses alphanumeric symbols to encode the state of the maze. Rows will be ended with a $ and the Maze will be begun with an ( and ended with a ). An example of a properly formatted file is shown in Figure 1. { Moves @ [ u _ r _ l _ u _ u _ d _ r _ u _ d _ u _ u _ u _ l _ u _ l _ u _ l _ d _ d _ r] } { Maze @ ( x x x x x x x x x x$ x – – – – – – – – x$ x – – – – – 1 – – x$ x – – – – – – – – x$ x – – – – – – – x x$ x – – – – – – – – x$ x – – – – x – – – x$ x – – – – – – x 4 x$ x – – – – – 2 – – x$ x g – – – – – – – x$ x – – – – – – – – x$ x – – – – – – – – x$ x – – – – – – x 3 x$ x x x x x x x x x x ) } Figure 1: A properly formatted Maze Game (M) encoding The assignment is made up of two parts: scanning the text of the input file and parsing the information contained in the input file. 1 1.2 Scanning Construct a combined grammar in a .g4 file that ANTLR can use to scan a supplied Maze Game encoding. The logic in this file should be robust enough to identify tokens in the encoding and accurately process any correctly formatted encoding. The rules in your .g4 file will be augmented with actions that display information about the input file. An example of that output is specified in Section 2. The purpose of the scanner is to extract tokens from the input and pass those along to the parser. For the Maze Game encoding, the types of tokens that you will need to consider are given in Table 1. Type Form Section Beginning { Section Ending } Section Title Moves and Maze Assign Value @ Move Symbol u, d, l, or r Maze Symbol -, g, x, or one (1) or more numerical symbols Numerical Symbol 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Row Ending $ Maze Beginning ( Maze Ending ) List Beginning [ List Ending ] White Space (to be ignored) spaces, tabs, newlines Table 1: Tokens to Consider 1.2.1 Invalid Encodings For invalid Maze Game encodings, the output Something on Line L is Unrecognized. should display. L would be the line of input where the problem occurred. Your scanner should stop scanning the file after an unrecognized token is found. 1.3 Parsing Construct a combined grammar in a .g4 file that ANTLR can use to parse a supplied Maze Game encoding. In addition to the rules for scanning, there are several parsing rules: • Each section appears once and only once. The sections may appear in either Moves /Maze or Maze /Moves order. • There must be more than six (6) rows in a valid Maze . • There must be more than six (6) columns in a valid Maze . You may assume that each row has the same number of columns, and each column has the same number of rows. • The first row, last row, first column, and last column of the Maze must contain only x symbols. • There must be more than four (4) moves in the Moves section. The semantics of a properly formatted Maze Game encoding are: Page 2 1. Between one (1) and four (4) (inclusive) players must appear in the Maze . 2. The Maze must contain exactly one (1) g symbol. 3. The number of x symbols in the Maze must not exceed 50% of all symbols in the Maze . 4. u, d, l, and r must each appear at least once in the Moves . 5. Extra Credit (10 points or Honors contract): Every player must have at least one (1) valid move available to them 2 Output 2.1 Scanner Your .g4 file should produce output for both correctly formatted files and incorrectly formatted files. For the correctly formatted file in Figure 1, the output would have the form of the output presented in Figure 2 Section Beginning: { Section Title: Moves Assign Value: @ List Beginning: [ Move Symbol: u Move Symbol: r … Move Symbol: r List Ending: ] Section Ending: } Section Beginning: { Section Title: Maze Assign Value: @ Maze Beginning: ( Maze Symbol: x Maze Symbol: x .. Maze Symbol: x Row Ending: $ Maze Symbol: x Maze Symbol: – … Maze Symbol: x Row Ending: $ Maze Symbol: x … Maze Symbol: x Maze Ending: ) Section Ending: } File Ending Figure 2: Truncated Output of Scanner for File in Figure 1 For a correctly formatted file in Part 2, the output would be: There are p players. where p is the number of players in the Maze . For the file in Figure 1, the output would be There are 4 players.. Page 3 2.1.1 Invalid Syntax & Semantics in Parsing For invalid Maze Game encodings in Part 2, a message describing the parsing error should be displayed. For an unrecognized token (not in the alphabet of tokens), the output Something on Line L is Problematic. should be displayed, where L is the line number where the prob- lem occurred. For a semantic violation, the output Semantic Violation: Rule R should be displayed, where R is the number of the rule (from List 1.3) that was violated, but parsing should continue. Syntax errors in Part 2 should be reported in the syntaxError method of csce322a01part02error.java. 3 Naming Conventions The ANTLR file for the first part of the assignment should be named csce322a01part01.g4. The ANTLR file for the second part of the assignment should be named csce322a01part02.g4. Both grammars should contain a start rule named mazeGame. The Java file for the second part of the assignment should be named csce322a01part02error.java. 4 webgrader The webgrader is available for this assignment. You can test your submitted files before the deadline by submitting them on webhandin and going to http://cse.unl.edu/˜cse322/grade, choosing the correct assignment and entering your cse.unl.edu credentials The script should take approximately 2 minutes to run and produce a PDF. 4.1 The Use of diff Because Part 1 of this assignment only depends on the symbols in the file, the order in which they are displayed should not be submission dependent. Therefore, diff will be used to compare the output of a particular submission against the output of the solution implementation. In Part 2, the output is sorted and the unique lines extracted, so the order and number of times a semantic error is reported will not affect the diff. 5 Point Allocation Component Points Part 1 35 Part 2 65 Total 100 6 External Resources ANTLR Getting Started with ANTLR v4 ANTLR 4 Documentation Overview (ANTLR 4 Runtime 4.7.2 API) Page 4 7 Commands of Interest alias antlr4=’java -jar /path/to/antlr -4.7.2 – complete.jar ‘ alias grun=’java org.antlr.v4.gui.TestRig ‘ export CLASSPATH =”/ path/to/antlr -4.7.2 – complete.jar:$CLASSPATH” antlr4 /path/to/csce322a01part0 #.g4 javac -d /path/for/. classfiles /path/to/csce322a01part0 #*. java java /path/of/. classfiles csce322a01part02driver /path/to/inputfile grun csce322a01part0# mazeGame -gui grun csce322a01part0# mazeGame -gui /path/to/inputfile grun csce322a01part0# mazeGame grun csce322a01part0# mazeGame /path/to/inputfile Page 5

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