辅导案例-STA 442

  • May 15, 2020

Homework 2, Mixed effects models STA 442 Methods of Applied Statistics Due 16 Oct 2019 Math (10 marks) data(“MathAchieve”, package = “MEMSS”) head(MathAchieve) School Minority Sex SES MathAch MEANSES 1 1224 No Female -1.528 5.876 -0.428 2 1224 No Female -0.588 19.708 -0.428 3 1224 No Male -0.528 20.349 -0.428 4 1224 No Male -0.668 8.781 -0.428 5 1224 No Male -0.158 17.898 -0.428 6 1224 No Male 0.022 4.583 -0.428 From Maindonald and Braun, ch 10 q 5. In the data set MathAchieve (MEMSS package), the factors Minority (levels yes and no), and the variable SES (socio-economic status) are clearly fixed effects. Carry out an analysis that treats School as a random effect. Does it appear that there are substantial differences between schools, or are differences within schools nearly as big as differences between students from different schools? Write a short report ( a single page of text plus a few graphs). Q3: Drugs (20 marks) http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/ICPSR/studies/35074 The Treatment Episode Data Set – Discharges (TEDS-D) is a national census data system of annual discharges from substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-D provides annual data on the number and characteristics of persons discharged from public and private substance abuse treatment programs that receive public funding. download.file(“http://pbrown.ca/teaching/appliedstats/data/drugs.rds”, “drugs.rds”) xSub = readRDS(“drugs.rds”) 1 table(xSub$SUB1) (4) MARIJUANA/HASHISH (2) ALCOHOL 188406 97013 (5) HEROIN (7) OTHER OPIATES AND SYNTHETICS 58511 45609 (10) METHAMPHETAMINE (3) COCAINE/CRACK 21606 11333 table(xSub$STFIPS)[1:5] (1) ALABAMA (2) ALASKA (4) ARIZONA (5) ARKANSAS (6) CALIFORNIA 616 1360 4479 1508 48065 table(xSub$TOWN)[1:2] ABILENE, TX AKRON, OH 42 1078 Each row of the dataset corresponds to an individual admitted to a drug or alcohol addiction treatment facility. The variables above are: • completed is TRUE if the individual in question completed their treatment and FALSE otherwise. • SUB1 is the substance which was the individual’s primary addiction. • GENDER, AGE, raceEthnicity are the individuals age, gender and ethnicity, known to be important confounders. • STFIPS, TOWN, the US state and town in which the treatment was given. Write a short report addressing the hypothesis that chance of a young person completing their drug treatment depends on the substance the individual is addicted to, with ‘hard’ drugs (Heroin, Opiates, Methamphetamine, Cocaine) being more difficult to treat than alcohol or marijuana. A secondary hypothesis is that some American states have particularly effective treatment programs whereas other states have programs which are highly problematic with very low completion rates. The report should be on the order of four paragraphs: introduction, methods, results, con- clusions. Not more than two pages of text, closer to one page is better. Some code below may or may not be helpful. forInla = na.omit(xSub) forInla$y = as.numeric(forInla$completed) library(“INLA”) ires = inla(y ~ SUB1 + GENDER + raceEthnicity + homeless + 2 f(STFIPS, hyper=list(prec=list( prior=’pc.prec’, param=c(0.1, 0.05)))) + f(TOWN), data=forInla, family=’binomial’, control.inla = list(strategy=’gaussian’, int.strategy=’eb’)) sdState = Pmisc::priorPostSd(ires) do.call(matplot, sdState$STFIPS$matplot) do.call(legend, sdState$legend) 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0 2 4 6 sd de ns prior posterior Figure 1: State-level standard deviation toPrint = as.data.frame(rbind(exp(ires$summary.fixed[, c(4, 3, 5)]), sdState$summary[, c(4, 3, 5)])) sss = “^(raceEthnicity|SUB1|GENDER|homeless|SD)(.[[:digit:]]+.[[:space:]]+| for )?” toPrint = cbind(variable = gsub(paste0(sss, “.*”), “\\1”, rownames(toPrint)), category = substr(gsub(sss, “”, rownames(toPrint)), 1, 25), toPrint) Pmisc::mdTable(toPrint, digits = 3, mdToTex = TRUE, guessGroup = TRUE, caption = “Posterior means and quantiles for model parameters.”) ires$summary.random$STFIPS$ID = gsub(“[[:punct:]]|[[:digit:]]”, “”, ires$summary.random$STFIPS$ID) ires$summary.random$STFIPS$ID = gsub(“DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA”, “WASHINGTON DC”, ires$summary.random$STFIPS$ID) toprint = cbind(ires$summary.random$STFIPS[1:26, c(1, 2, 4, 6)], ires$summary.random$STFIPS[-(1:26), c(1, 2, 4, 6)]) colnames(toprint) = gsub(“uant”, “”, colnames(toprint)) knitr::kable(toprint, digits = 1, format = “latex”) 3 Table 1: Posterior means and quantiles for model parameters. 0.5quant 0.025quant 0.975quant (Intercept) (Intercept) 0.682 0.562 0.826 SUB1 ALCOHOL 1.642 1.608 1.677 HEROIN 0.898 0.875 0.921 OTHER OPIATES AND SYNTHET 0.924 0.898 0.952 METHAMPHETAMINE 0.982 0.944 1.022 COCAINE/CRACK 0.876 0.834 0.920 GENDER FEMALE 0.895 0.880 0.910 raceEthnicity Hispanic 0.829 0.810 0.849 BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN 0.685 0.669 0.702 AMERICAN INDIAN (OTHER TH 0.730 0.680 0.782 OTHER SINGLE RACE 0.864 0.810 0.920 TWO OR MORE RACES 0.851 0.790 0.917 ASIAN 1.133 1.038 1.236 NATIVE HAWAIIAN OR OTHER 0.847 0.750 0.955 ASIAN OR PACIFIC ISLANDER 1.451 1.225 1.720 ALASKA NATIVE (ALEUT, ESK 0.844 0.623 1.143 homeless TRUE 1.015 0.983 1.048 SD STFIPS 0.581 0.482 0.698 TOWN 0.537 0.482 0.597 4 ID mean 0.025q 0.975q ID mean 0.025q 0.975q ALABAMA 0.2 -0.3 0.7 MONTANA -0.2 -1.0 0.6 ALASKA 0.0 -0.8 0.8 NEBRASKA 0.8 0.4 1.2 ARIZONA 0.0 -1.1 1.1 NEVADA -0.1 -0.8 0.5 5

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