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程序代写案例-CS 121 /

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INFORMATION RETRIEVAL – CS 121 / INF 141 Project 2 – The Crawler This assignment is to be done in groups of up to 3. You can use text-processing code that you or any classmate in your team wrote for the previous assignment. You cannot use crawler code written by non- group-member classmates. Use code found over the Internet at your own peril — it may not do exactly what the assignment requests. If you do end up using code you find on the Internet, you must disclose the origin of the code. As stated in the course policy document, concealing the origin of a piece of code is plagiarism. Use the Discussion Board on Piazza for general questions whose answers can benefit you and everyone. Implementing your Project Step 1 Getting the project See Assignment Description Page Step 2 Installing the dependencies Use python3 for this project. You will need to install cbor package (# python -m pip install cbor) to use the project skeleton. Also, you may want to install third-party libraries like lxml later. Step 3 Writing the required classes, functions, and parameters 1. Before doing the next steps, take your time to go through,, and files to get an overall idea about how the project skeleton works.  This file acts as a representation of a frontier. It has method to add a URL to the frontier, get the next URL and check if the frontier has any more URLs. Additionally, it has methods to save the current state of the frontier and load existing state  This file is responsible for scraping URLs from the next available link in frontier and adding the scraped links back to the frontier  This file is responsible for handling corpus related functionalities like mapping a URL to its local file name and fetching a file meta-data and content from corpus. In order to make it possible to work on a crawler without accessing the ICS network, this file accesses a static corpus and maps given URLs to local file names that contain the content of that URL.  This file glues everything together and is the starting point of the program. It instantiates the frontier and the crawler and starts the crawling process. It also registers a shutdown hook to save the current frontier state in case of an error or receiving of a shutdown signal. 2. Define function extract_next_links ( This function extracts links from the content of a fetched webpage. Input: url_data which is a dictionary containing the content and required meta-data for a downloaded webpage. Following is the description for each key in the dictionary: url: the requested url to be downloaded content: the content of the downloaded url in binary format. None if url does not exist in the corpus size: the size of the downloaded content in bytes. 0 if url does not exist in the corpus content_type: Content-Type from the response http headers. None if the url does not exist in the corpus or content-type wasn’t provided http_code: the response http status code. 404 if the url does not exist in the corpus is_redirected: a boolean indicating if redirection has happened to get the final response final_url: the final url after all of the redirections. None if there was no redirection. Output: list of URLs in string form. Each URL should be in absolute form. It is not required to remove duplicates that have already been fetched. The frontier takes care of ignoring duplicates.  3. Define function is_valid ( This function returns True or False based on whether a URL is valid and must be fetched or not. Input: URL is the URL of a web page in string form Output: True if URL is valid, False if the URL otherwise. This is a great place to filter out crawler traps. Duplicated urls will be taken care of by frontier. You don’t need to check for duplication in this method Filter out crawler traps (e.g. the ICS calendar, dynamic URL’s, etc.), Additionally crawler traps include history based trap detection where based on your practice runs you will determine if there are sites that you have crawled that are traps, continuously repeating sub-directories and very long URLs. You will need to do some research online but you will provide information on the type of trap detection you implemented and why you implemented it that way.(DO NOT HARD CODE URLS YOU THINK ARE TRAPS, ie regex urls, YOU SHOULD USE LOGIC TO FILTER THEM OUT) Returning False on a URL does not let that URL to enter your frontier. Some part of the function has already been implemented. It is your job to figure out how to add to the existing logic in order to avoid crawler traps and ensuring that only valid links are sent to the frontier. Step 4 Running the crawler You need to first download the static corpus from CORPUS DOWNLOAD LINK (Tar.Gz) or ZIP CORPUS DOWNLOAD LINK (.ZIP) Extract the compressed file somewhere in your disk. To run the project, simply run: # python3 [CORPUS_DIR] Replace [CORPUS_DIR] with the address of the corpus on disk, e.g. /home/user/corpus/spacetime_crawler_data Please note that getting out of the program because of an error or shutdown signal (e.g. through CTRL+C) will save the current state of the frontier in the `frontier_state` directory. To clean the current state and start from the beginning, simply delete that directory. Analytics Along with crawling the web pages, your crawler should keep track of some information, and write it out to a file at the end. Specifically, it should: 1. Keep track of the subdomains that it visited, and count how many different URLs it has processed from each of those subdomains. 2. Find the page with the most valid out links (of all pages given to your crawler). Out Links are the number of links that are present on a particular webpage. 3. List of downloaded URLs and identified traps. 4. What is the longest page in terms of number of words? (HTML markup doesn’t count as words) 5. What are the 50 most common words in the entire set of pages? (Ignore English stop words, which can be found, ( Analytics should be saved as file(s). These analytics need to be submitted along with your project code. Notes a) In order for your crawler to work, make sure you implement the “extract_next_links” function. This function is not implemented and it’s the starting point of your assignment. Without extracting links from the first page obtained from the server, the crawler cannot progress. b) You can start and stop your crawler multiple times and progress will be saved. To reset the progress, please delete the `frontier_state` directory. Resetting the frontier clears all of your progress. c) Python 3.6+ is required. d) Optional dependencies you might want to use: lxml e) Please do not use direct concatenation for making urls absolute in “extract_next_links”. Use a pre built library function like the ones found in lxml. There are many cases that cannot be handled by a direct concatenation and can cause at the best case the crawler to send invalid links. At the worst, it can cause the crawler to enter a crawler trap. Submitting Your Assignment Your submission should be a single zip file containing the spacetime code, including your additions to, as well as the text file with the analytics mentioned above. Please do not include the corpus in your submission. Only one member per team should submit the file on canvas. Grading Process You will meet with the grader for about 15-20 minutes during the week starting on 5/6. During that meeting, be ready for the following: 1. You will be asked to run your crawler on your own machine so please carry a laptop. 2. Answer questions about your program (as submitted) and its behavior during the meeting. 3. You will be deducted points for not showing up to your F2F or having more than one scheduled F2F time for your group. All the members of the group need to be present for F2F Demo. You should not continue to work on your program once you submit it to Canvas, as the TA’s will be looking at your submitted code. Evaluation Criteria Your assignm
ent will be graded on the following criteria’s. 1. Correctness (50%) a) Do you extract the links correctly and in absolute form? b) Does your crawler validate the URLs that is given and that is sends back to the frontier? c) How does your program handle bad URLs? d) Does your crawler avoid traps? e) Are you collecting stats in your code to produce items 1,2 and 3 of the analytics? f) Are you tokenizing the HTML responses correctly to produce items 4 and 5 of the analytics? 2. Understanding (50%) a) Do you demonstrate understanding of your code? b) How well you are able to answer questions during the F2F. Project 2 FAQS: 1. Do I have to implement/modify any function outside the two functions? — No 2. Can I write one or more helper methods? — Yes. 4. Are all dynamic URLs trap? — Not necessarily. For example, is not a trap. 5. Is every URL which contains the word ‘calendar’ a trap? — No. For example, “” is not a trap. 6. So how do I know which URL is a trap? — Do your own research from internet and class materials. Typically, if a URL growths in length everytime you crawl/is super duper long/gets you stuck in a loop chances are its a trap. 7. What is the threshold of a ‘super duper long’ URL? — Use an arbitrary but intuitive threshold. 8. I’m getting UnicodeEncodeError. What should I do? — In Python 3.X you don’t have to .encode() explicitly. But in Python 2.7.x you do. For more. For this assignment, use Python 3.6+. 9. I can see is_valid is already implemented. What else am I supposed to do? — A dumb (but working) implementation of is_valid is being provided. Your task is to make it smarter by augmenting it by trap detection. 10. Are all of my group members required to schedule a slot for F2F? — No. Just one of you have to schedule a slot for the entire group. 欢迎咨询51作业君


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